A while ago, I did some research on both communism and capitalism and its implementation in different societies. The results, were not anything particularly surprising to me, “communism does not work well”.
But I learned several things I did not know along the way:
Capitalism is an economic system pure and simple. It allows a seller to set their own price on goods for sale. The market place decides if the person’s goods are worth the purchase price. Sometimes, in order to sell goods, a seller must reduce the asking price. Sometimes, reducing the asking prices is not an immediate option, so the purchaser must decide if the selling price is what they are willing to pay. Capitalism does not make laws or policies, nor does it consider ‘morality’.
Communism is an economic, religious, and governmental system all rolled into one. All businesses are state owned and run. The government decides what it’s citizens will be able to purchase and what price they will pay for goods. The government owns all of the land inside of its borders. Furthermore, communism hands all control of information, education, medical care and research, civil protection, energy needs, travel options, inheritance, and religion to the government. Communism relies on government to make all laws and policies and ‘morality’ becomes a matter of definition.
In the United States, capitalism is used as an economic system. It allows the citizenry to sell and purchase goods, setting their own prices and allowing the consumer to choose which companies survive and which companies fail based on cost and performance. Through capitalism, one in every fifty people (2%) in the United States makes over $200,000+ per year. That’s 6 million people in a nation of 300 million (approximately) that have the resources to have, potentially, serious economic and political influence in America. This does not even count the “middle class”.
While I agree, it’s not completely ideal, I think that the separations of “economy and state” are just as important as the separations of “Church and state”. Let me explain myself :
The Church and the state SHOULD be separate. No specific religious group should have preferential treatment by the government or officials thereof in regards to legislation or policy making. No specific Church leader or congregation should be able to influence law against the will of the governed. However, there should be no denial of the fact that Anglo-Saxon protestants and their religious influences are included within our Constitution, Declaration of Independence, and Bill of Rights. This is why people are presumed innocent until proven guilty in a court of law. This is why it is against the law to kill people in a torturous manner, even though they might deserve it. This is why the preamble to the Constitution declared that “we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, endowed with certain unalienable rights, by their Creator,…”.
Likewise, the economy and the state SHOULD be separate. No business, corporation, union, or special interest group should have preferential treatment by the government or officials thereof in regards to legislation or policy making. No specific union or company should be allowed to influence law against the will of the governed. However, because capitalism has no ‘morality’, people must represent it’s morality. Sometimes, this requires either local, state, and (on occasion) federal government intervention. Other non-governmental solutions include local unions via the negotiation process, special interest groups via the judiciary process, the employee via a high turnover rate, and the consumer via refusing to support immoral business practices.
There are approximately 6 million Americans who have enough money to launch serious political campaigns in the United States. How many other countries can claim they have that many possible contenders to their respective seats? These same 6 million Americans pay the burden (not percentage wise, but monetary wise) of social programs through taxation. Without those 6 million Americans, middle class taxes must rise or social benefits will disappear due to non-existent funding. If you increase taxes on these 6 million people so that more social programs can be funded, you essentially remove 6 million potential political rivals in one fell swoop by reducing them to middle class. The government social programming only pays a fraction of each dollar taxed to “the poor” in the same way charities do. There are overhead costs and bureaucracies of people who must be paid for the jobs they perform. Therefore, the poor never get ahead, the middle class and “once wealthy individuals” join the poor and government politicians are no long threatened by the governed. If the economic system we have in place (capitalism) fails, then social programs and new ways to pay for them and we will find ourselves under the rule of communism by necessity.
This is why communism is as much of a threat today as it has always been. Without a private sector to thrive on, government can do nothing but oppress one group of people while trying appease another. Social programs, energy standards, services, medical care, etc.. all begin to degrade as government must find a way to fund research and development while simultaneously trying to fund social programs for the unemployed. In Cuba, a half a million government workers are being laid off because “communism does not work well.